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Damage mitigation permits for crop protection

Each of Queensland’s flying-fox species is protected under the Nature Conservation Act 1992 (the Act) administered by the the department.

It is an offence to kill or otherwise harm a flying-fox in contravention of the Act and there are substantial penalties for those who do. However, Queensland’s nature conservation laws do recognise that there are circumstances where it is necessary to remove limited numbers of wildlife in order to protect human health and well-being or to protect property.

Each year, the department issues a limited number of damage mitigation permits (DMPs) under the Act allowing the ‘lethal take’ of flying-foxes by shooting in order to protect commercial fruit crops.

The department grants a lethal take DMP only after non-harmful control measures have been used and found to be ineffective. Each lethal take DMP application is considered on a case-by-case basis and the number of flying-foxes allowed to be taken is tightly constrained by quotas based on wild population numbers and the conservation status of each species.

A lethal take DMP cannot be issued for the spectacled flying-fox which is listed as ‘vulnerable’ under the Act.

Damage mitigation permits for crop protection review

The Queensland Government is reviewing its flying-fox management arrangements for crop protection and will introduce changes as necessary that will be effective, scientifically-sound and will not put flying-fox populations at risk. This is consistent with commitments made at the last election.

Obtaining a damage mitigation permit for crop protection

Shooting of flying-foxes

Lethal control of flying-foxes is intended to provide fruit growers with an additional form of crop protection only where non-harmful measures have been attempted. It is a requirement that fruit growers use lethal measures in conjunction with two other non-harmful practises, such as netting, as part of an effective integrated crop protection strategy.

For information about DMPs for the lethal control of flying-foxes for crop protection, refer to:

Non-harmful control of flying-foxes

The department encourages the use of flying-fox deterrents that are non-harmful. These include:

  • netting
  • sound
  • light
  • smoke
  • movement
  • development of alternative roost sites.

For more details about non-lethal deterrents, refer to: Code of practice—Ecologically sustainable lethal take of flying-foxes for crop protection (PDF, 336K).

Pre-lodgment service

Anyone considering applying for a DMP to protect a crop can arrange a meeting with the department to discuss their issues before they apply. This meeting will outline the information requirements of the application.

To arrange a meeting, please contact Permit and Licence Management or email .

Summary of DMPs issued for the lethal take of flying-foxes for crop protection for the 2018/19 growing season

DMP applications summary
DMP applications received DMP applications approved
2 2
Queensland quota and allocation for the lethal take of flying-foxes 2018–2019
Type Black flying-fox Little red flying-fox Grey-headed flying-fox Total
Quota 3500 4000 1280 8780
Quota unallocated 3320 3820 1220 8360

Summary of DMPs issued for the lethal take of flying-foxes for crop protection from 2012/2013 to 2018/19 growing seasons

Year No. of DMPs approved Quota Quota unallocated % of allocation shot
2018/19 2 8780 8360 0
2017/18 21 8780 6110 0
2016/17 18 8780 5910 9.4
2015/16 16 8780 6105 17.7
2014/15 14 10,580 8220 14
2013/14 16 10,580 7660 23
2012/13 10 10,580 8635 16
Last updated
6 September 2018